How to use mỗi in Vietnamese – Vietnamese grammar

How to use mỗi in Vietnamese – Vietnamese grammar

Hello everyone! In this post, we will introduce to you the lesson: How to use mỗi in Vietnamese – Vietnamese grammar.

How to use mỗi in Vietnamese - Vietnamese grammar

Usage 1:

Position in sentence :

Is a quantifier placed before a unit noun.

Meaning and example :

Meaning: Denotes an individual member of a group of members which share a quality; this individual member is considered as a representative of the whole group.

Note:

– Distinguish between “mỗi”, “một” and “từng”:

+ “Một” denotes an individual member of a group, but this individual member is not used as a representative of the whole group.

+ “Từng” denotes an individual member of a group, but it stresses the succession of members, coming one after another in time or space.

– “Mỗi” và “mọi”: In some cases, “mỗi” và “mọi” can replace each other to denote a group of members which share a quality. However, there are also cases where these two words cannot replace each other because:

+ “Mọi” refers inclusively (but indefinitely) to the individual members of a whole which share a quality.

+ “Mỗi” also refers to a whole, but by way of stressing its separate members.

– We can use the following forms: mỗi…một…; mỗi + time expression + một / mỗi… (shows an increasing degree); mỗi khi…là / thì…

Example:

Mỗi người có một sở thích khác nhau.
Each person has a different hobby.

Sức khỏe của ông ấy mỗi ngày một tốt hơn.
His health gets better and better.

Mỗi khi đến Tết là cả con phố này lại trở nên nhộn nhịp.
Every time New Year comes, this whole street becomes busy.

Tạp chí này được phát hành mỗi thứ Hai hàng tuần.
This type of magazine is published every Monday.

Usage 2:

Position in sentence :

Is a particle.

Meaning and example :

Meaning: Expresses an amount that is small according to the speaker.

Note: 

+ “Mỗi” has the same meaning as “chỉ”, “chỉ có”, but “mỗi” isn’t used with verbs.

+ We can use the following forms: có mỗi…; chỉ (có) mỗi…

Example:

Tôi được nghỉ mỗi một ngày.
I have only one day off.

Tối qua tớ chỉ ngủ có mỗi 4 tiếng.
Last night, I slept only 4 hours.

Có mỗi con sâu nhỏ xíu mà cũng sợ.
You are scared of such a small worm.

Hôm qua, vì cảm thấy hơi mệt nên tôi ăn chỉ mỗi 2 bát cơm.
Yesterday, because I felt a bit tired, I ate only 2 bowls of rice.

See other Vietnamese grammar structures in category : vietnamese grammar

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