Synonyms in Vietnamese
In this post, Tiengviet24h will introduce to you: Synonyms in Vietnamese. Let’s start!
What are synonyms?
Synonyms are words that have the same or quite same meaning with each other, and in many cases, they are interchangeable. Synonyms are also often used in Vietnamese.
Example: xe lửa = tàu hỏa (train); heo = lợn (pig); chết = qua đời = mất (to die); siêng năng = chăm chỉ (assiduous); ăn = chén (to eat); khiêng = vác (to carry); xui xẻo = xúi quẩy (unlucky); buồn = sầu (sad);…
Synonyms are divided into 2 categories:
+ Complete synonyms: They are words that have the same meaning with each other and are interchangeable.
Example: trái = quả (fruit); hổ = cọp = hùm (tiger); bố – ba (father); mẹ = má (mother); đất nước = tổ quốc (country); cây viết = cây bút (pen); gan dạ = dũng cảm (brave);…
+ Incomplete synonyms: They are words that have the same meaning but indicate different nuance of expression or way of acting with each other. You should be careful when using these words.
ăn = chén: the word “chén” is more informal than the word “ăn”.
yếu đuối = yếu ớt: “yếu đuối” indicates the lack of physical or mental strength, but “yếu ớt” indicates the lack of health (not enough strength to do something).
hi sinh = bỏ mạng: both of them indicate the death, but “bỏ mạng” expresses the contempt of the speaker.
xinh = đẹp: both of them mean to be good-looking, but “đẹp” expresses higher degree.
tu = nhấp: both of them indicate the act of drinking something, but “tu” means to drink a lot in one go and “nhấp” means to drink little by little.
Some synonyms in Vietnamese
bố = ba: father
mẹ = má: mother
cốc = li: glass
ác = dữ: cruel
thua = bại: to lose
bát = chén: bowl
đắt nước = non sông: country
thành quả = thành tựu: achievement
chiến thắng = thắng lợi: victory
hậu đậu = vụng về: clumsy
khổng lồ = đồ sộ: giant
vinh quang = vẻ vang: glorious
nước ngoài = ngoại quốc: foreign country
ngôn ngữ = tiếng nói: language
See other similar posts in category: Vietnamese grammar
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